Daylight saving was introduced in Italy in 1916, during the First World War, and was applied in subsequent summers until 1920. Considered by many a drastic emergency measure, the war, it took just wait until 1940 (World War II) for its reintroduction: June 14, 1940 (four days after the entry into the war) it remained continuously in force until November 2, 1942, and was then replicated (in 1944, in truth, only in the territory of the Italian Social Republic) for the following years until 1948.
Almost forgot, DST came into force eighteen years later, in 1966 (accompanied by the famous delicious titled as a newspaper of the time: “daylight saving time comes, the Christian Democrats in a panic”), and has since been applied each summer . Daylight saving time is applied in compliance with specific requirements of the law, finding its root in the current normative reference “Directive 2000/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 January 2001 on summer-time arrangements” ( GUE on February 2, 2001, L 031).
This directive summarizes the provisions of the Eighth Directive 97/44/EC of the European Parliament and the Council of 22 July 1997 (which “has introduced a common date and time in all Member States for the beginning and the end the DST period for 1998, 1999, 2000 and 2001 “) and also states:
* Does “summer time” the period of the year during which clocks are put forward by 60 minutes compared with the rest of the year;
* Starting from the year 2002 in each Member State the summer time begins at 1:00 in the morning, now, on the last Sunday in March and ends at 1.