The great artists of this period did not hesitate to deal with the minor arts: the boxes have already been pointed out, which are among the famous and the one with the bucket Adimari Alatiel the wedding, both of the fifteenth century, and is also known that Sandro Botticelli Piero di Cosimo painted it. In the workshop of a goldsmith Pollaiuolo preparing designs for tapestries, Verrocchio was devoted all’intaglio, Botticelli preparing designs for embroidery. Many paintings from this period show us one of the most important rooms of the house, the bedroom. There is the well-known painting, for example, by Ghirlandaio in Santa Maria Novella in Florence which depicts the birth of John the Baptist. Equally important from this point of view is the famous painting by Carpaccio, representing the dream of St. Ursula (Venice, Accademia). Renaissance mature, sober, sometimes severe, sometimes lavish, is still preserved almost intact in environments in Palazzo Vecchio in Florence (studio of Francis I) and Castel Sant’Angelo in Rome (bedroom of PaoloIII).
The Baroque style spread to Rome in large halls of the grand new buildings of the seventeenth century, decorated with frescoes and tapestries, fabrics, mirrors, furniture and sumptuous wide lines and curves with strongly shaped plastic decorations enriched with colored stones. The large gold, lavished everywhere, enhanced the splendor and brightness of the rooms. In France the influence of the Italian Baroque style is countered by the rise of a national trend towards classical forms which were stately and imposing, favored by the court of Louis XIV by Charles Le Brun as an artist and as a minister Colbert, who pursued the purpose of enhancing the prestige of their sovereign spaces by surrounding it with lavish furnishings.
A most notable example occurs in the halls of the palace of Versailles. Among the cabinet-makers working in France at this time was Charles Boulle-André (1642 – 1732), which creates furniture enhanced by encrustations of mother of pearl and tortoiseshell and gilt bronze applications. With the reign of Louis XV forms evolved toward the mawkish grace of Rococo and spread rapidly throughout Europe. Personality of the first floor is Justin A relay outputs Meissonier (1695-1750), painter, sculptor, designer, which transforms the elements in the new baroque style imbued with elegance and movement. Cressent Charles (1685 – 1768), cabinet maker, has left wonderful examples of the style that takes the name of Louis XV furniture and which are pretty small, delicate and with precious woods such as pink, often adorned with bronze decorations, but also for the heaviness and austerity of “Boulle”. At this stage of the eighteenth century taste the rooms started to look pretty and frivolous; smaller in scope but rich in decoration, furniture panels, trinkets and statuettes, the tapestries and wood paneling, ie, in wood paneling on the walls, adorned with often gilded carvings and paintings. The doors and windows on the decor were covered in Chinese-inspired designs and patterns (the famous chinoiseries), made more vivid by the use of gloss paints that mimic the lacquers. It also spreads the taste for objects imported from the East. In Italy the “Rococo” takes over, especially in Piedmont and Venice.