Written by Tendenzias

Different forms of furniture in history 4°part

The 700 Venice is a unique example of a perfect fusion of life and style, art and fashion. Among the furniture – which are small and cater to many different uses – there is the domination by the splendid bureau bureau-drawers with a lift. Comfortable sofas and chairs, covered with beautiful silks and around the walls, wrought iron and glass, e.g.: vases and lamps, porcelain and tapestries, supplementing without suffocating them, but in a harmonious fusion of lines and color, the halls of the noble Venetian families. A precious and rich museum is the building of this age which is the Ca ‘Rezzonico in Venice. In Turin, already the living room of an octagonal Philharmonic Academy shows a taste of the French imprint and a refined style that informs the entire period of the “Piedmont Baroque.”

Also belonging to this time is the famous “toilet toilet of the Queen” and other areas of the Palazzo Reale in Turin. Among the goldsmiths, silversmiths and cabinetmakers working in Piedmont there exceled Peter Pitfetti (1700 – about 1777), who created rich furniture inlaid with bone and ivory. I also penetrated the Rococo in Naples and a unique example of its kind is the living room china, now in the Museum Capodimonte, which runs towards the middle of the century for the royal palace of Portici. The four walls are covered with a dense floral decoration and porcelain chinoiseries of bright colors with which standardises the ceiling decorated with stucco style.

The century XVIII is particularly important for the history of the ego. for England which was under the influence of Louis X IV and Italian styles, the style “Queen Ann” (1702 – 14) and the “Georgian”, under the reigns of George I (1714-27) and George II (1727 – 60), which reflects rather the style of Louis XV. Famous furniture included the “Chippendale”, so named by their creator Thomas Chippendale (1718 – 1779 whose aesthetic oddities included the building of a a bed that mimics the structure of a Chinese pagoda, then levels out to a more linear style. In England, moreover, we have the first claim of the neo-Gothic: in the villa of Strawberry Hill owned by Horace Walpole we find not only the first architectural forms, but also the first interior furnishings of the neo-Gothic Period (eg. the library). As in other European countries including England, however, in the second half of the eighteenth century

there is a revival of classical taste, especially thanks to the theory and practice of

the brothers Adam *. The neo-classicism had begun in Italy following the excavations (culminating in the discoveries of Herculaneum and Pompeii), the creation of large collections of Greek and Roman art, and the publication of etchings by Giovanni Battista Piranesi, which copied between the other not only the Roman ruins but, as well, archaeological objects intended to be considered a model for architects, sculptors, silversmiths and goldsmiths of the

neoclassical period. Notable examples of the neoclassical decoration can be found in the Rome Villa Albani and the Casino of the Villa Borghese. In the latter Asprucci Anthony was charged with ordering the ancient marbles collected by Prince Marcantonio Borghese.


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